As a dog breeder, you may want to mate your dog for the first time to start breeding puppies. This is called “studding” your dog, and it’s important to learn how to do it properly. While you may dream of having a champion dog, it all starts with their first mating with a female dog called a “copulatory tie.”
You should stud your dog for the first time when your male dog has fully sexually matured, has a clean health sheet, and is provided with a suitable, experienced brood bitch that exhibits the desirable features of your breeding program. Ideally, the stud dog will be kept at home during the breeding process to avoid external stress variables and ensure optimum comfort.
Choosing a sire to serve as your breeding base and breeding him with an ideal dam is called stud service. Breeders, generally, will have their own reasons for providing their dog as a stud in these breeding services. However, the main reason, which is the most important, is to improve that particular breed and benefit the gene pool greatly. By now, you should already have an established record and registry of your stud dog and have him officially registered in a Kennel Club.
First of all, when running a stud service operation, you must be able to show proper identification and documentation of your stud dog and the dam. A stud dog contract should be made before mating with details about the amount of any stud fee or compensation. The agreement should be mutual by both parties involved, the owner of the sire and the dam’s owner, and both should sign them.
How to Stud an Inexperienced Dog
To be a good breeding dog, or “stud,” your male dog should meet certain requirements. He should be healthy and free of diseases that could be passed on to his offspring, such as heart or eye conditions. He should also have a good physical appearance and have done well in dog shows and training. Ideally, he should be mature enough to breed successfully.
A qualified stud dog must prove himself to be physically fit, and appealing, and contain proof from various means through dog shows. Ideally, he has gone through the proverbial hoops of a show dog with dog trials, agility training, and show rings. With that said, your dog should have already reached a mature age that makes him adequately equipped to breed for success.
When you stud your dog for the first time, it is essential to remember certain tips that even the most experienced breeders will advise. You want to ensure success in your breeding program, so be sure you have a set of guidelines to go by, as well as common mistakes that dog breeders tend to make and how to avoid them. Read our bestselling handbook to find all of it in one handy place!
Contrary to what some breeders may believe, your constant interference in the dog’s affairs can actually hinder the process and disrupt the natural flow of things. Due to this, it is recommended you let nature take its course and let the dogs interact naturally according to their timing without forcing the outcome.
Likewise, you want to make sure you don’t hang around too long as this, too, will disrupt the breeding process. As much as it is tempting to want to meddle in your dog’s affairs and be around to watch things happen, give him some space.
Finally, by now, you should have a suitable mate (dam) for your stud that fits your ideal breeding program and has all the desirable traits and characteristics for your purpose. Similar to any other relationship between two subjects, both male and female dog should have developed a comfortable rapport with each other before the actual mating is planned to take place. This is to ensure optimum comfort and a natural progression of events. Remember, the dam chosen for mating must also be Kennel Club registered.
Where to stud your dog for the first time
When breeding a male dog for the first time, it’s important to choose a familiar and comfortable environment where he feels at home to ensure the natural progression of events during mating or promote a natural breeding process. This will prevent any anxiety in both dogs and promote a stress-free environment. New and unfamiliar places can cause stress and anxiety in the dogs and make them feel lost, which can disrupt the breeding process, so it’s best to keep them in a place where they feel at home
Inexperienced dogs need to be bred in a familiar environment where they feel at home. This will promote the natural succession of events according to their natural timing. This will also prevent any of the dogs from experiencing anxiety during the process. In general, a new, unfamiliar place will provoke stress in the dogs because it will cause them to feel lost and they will, in turn, feel on guard.
When to stud a dog for the first time
Not only is the place where you stud your dog for the first time crucial to breeding success but so is the timing — so what is the best age to stud your dog? Timing really is everything in this case. Determining the best time to mate the dogs based on their fertility depends on several factors, including the dog’s age, sex, health, and size. Generally, smaller breeds sexually mature earlier than larger breeds.
Wait for the prime time to begin the act of mating both dogs. This is the best time a female dog should breed due to her high fertility rate and progesterone levels. She should be 2 years old at the least, have already had two heat cycles before mating, and be bred 11 to 13 days after the start of bleeding in her heat cycle.
Stud dogs, on the other hand, tend to be more sexually capable earlier than their female counterparts and can mate for each day of their lifetime. Yet, sires also should not mate before two years of age. Both the vitality (motility) and viability (spermatozoid count) of the sperm is what determines his most fertile time. For both male and female dogs, the older the dog is, the less sexually potent they become, so aging plays a major part in diminishing fertility and bad health.