Would you like to learn how to breed Pomskies? This Husky x Pomeranian mix is a unique mix of mystery, beauty and unique temperament, features that have made it a dog with a huge demand and staggering price tag. In this guide, you are going to learn about their origin, temperament, health and breeding-specific matters.
This beautiful dog combines the haunting eyes, smart attitude and black-and-white coat of the Husky with the adorable size and temperament of the Pomeranian. It is like a miniature Husky, but it offers a lot more than that. That is why Pomskies for sale are highly sought after because this crossbreed is unique.
Uniqueness drives the price up, making it reach up to $5,000 USD per puppy. That is why many breeders want to learn how to breed this designer dog. Nonetheless, our guide focuses on ethical breeding, and if you are interested, then just keep reading! Pomskies are along with Pomchis, a very popular Pomeranian mix.
Background of Pomsky Breeding
Let us learn more about the background and history of this popular designer dog, because similar to the Labradoodle, it has an interesting origin.
The history of this designer breed is recent and subject to controversy because it started as a myth. It began when a user Tammy posted this question at JustAnswer.com, where she asked about the mental health of a Husky x Pomeranian cross because her family was planning to adopt one from the local Humane Society.
The user posted some pictures (which are unavailable now) that resembled the normal Pomsky. Nonetheless, according to the veterinarian Dr. Scott, it had the traits of the Husky but lacked enough substance from the Pomeranian.
Regardless of it was an authentic crossbreed or a failed attempt, it managed to introduce into the world of crossbreeding the concept of the Pomsky.
This idea gained even more traction in 2011 when the BuzzFeed Peggy Wang published an article titled “Pomskies – The Pomeranian + Siberian Husky Mix: the cutest designer dog breed ever?“. It contained five pictures but none were Pomskies, and she published it after seeing the photos of Tequila, the Finnish Lapphund.
This dream concept became true in 2012 when the first litter was born in the U.S, and it was conceived thanks to artificial insemination. The creators of this dog were Tressa Peterson and Joline Phillips, who have created breeding programs for this designer dog.
Not long after, in 2013, it started to pike in popularity. It has managed to become one of the most popular designer dogs because it enjoys a giant demand, a premium price and it has even won awards such as the most popular designer dog of 2017.
Generations (F1, F1b, F2…)
As for any hybrid dog breed, you can have a Pomsky from a specific generation. There is a naming standard for this and it is generally the following:
- Pomsky F1 – the result of mixing a purebred Pomeranian with a purebred Husky
- Pomsky F1b – the result of breeding a purebred Pomeranian with an F1 Pomsky (b stands for back bred)
- Pomsky F2 – the result of mixing two F1 Pomskies
- Pomsky F3 – the result of mixing two F2 Pomskies
- Multi-Generation – the result of multi-generational breeding (e.g. F1 with F3)
We’ve written a full blog post on this naming standard so check it out to make sure you are buying the generation you actually intended to buy.
The Pomsky is simply adorable because it combines the best appearance features of the Husky and the Pomeranian. Nonetheless, there are standards to consider. You will find all of them below.
We have three types of Pomsky: Standard, Miniature, and Toy. You will find a chart with their respective measures below.
|15 to 18 inches
|18 to 25 pounds
|12 to 15 inches
|9 to 14 pounds
|8 to 10 inches
|5 to 9 pounds
As we are going to see below, this dog enjoys a sturdy, compact and small complexion, which is a remarkable feature of this breed.
The differences in size between Toy Pomskies and other variations will appear based on what breed is the mother from for F1 Pomskies. Indeed, if the mother is a Husky, puppies will be larger than if the mother is a Pomeranian. The world is shifting to a miniaturized dog craze but when crossing dogs of different sizes, this could cause a lot of issues during the pregnancy and the labor.
The body of the Pomsky is short and slightly long. They have substantial bone despite their size. The rib cage is notoriously sprung and the chest is considerably deep. As long as the specimen meets these requirements, it will be accepted to comply with the body standards.
The only serious fault in this regard is an excessively long body, because even notorious variations in size, which are typical in F1 Pomskies (up to 20 inches tall and 35 pounds heavy), are accepted.
The Pomsky is a double-coated dog. The undercoat is smooth and soft, whereas the outer layer is full of guard hairs that standoff from the body to protect the inner coat. Officially, there are three types of coats:
- Standard: Resembles the coat of the Siberian Husky
- Plush: It is longer and it is very similar to the coat of Pomeranians and American Eskimos
- Wooly: Similar to the plush coat, but it is significantly longer
Nonetheless, these types of coats share the same key characteristics:
- They are short on the face
- They pad the outline of the dog
Variations in this regard are considered as faults, especially if the coat is excessively short or if it obscures the profile of the specimen.
In terms of color, all the colors and patterns are accepted. Nonetheless, there is favoritism towards a white/cream ground with markings on the back, face or head.
It has a slightly rounded and wide skull. A muzzle that covers almost 1/3 of the length of the skull accompanies it. The neck is strong and arched.
The eyes are almond-shaped and medium-sized, and they can be of any color. Furthermore, they are positioned obliquely.
Ideally, the ears are set on the corners of the skull, triangular and small. Variations in this regard are considered a serious fault. The ears should not be cropped.
The tail can be carried out behind or be curled over the back. Both options are allowed. However, in both cases, when uncurled, it should reach to the hock. The tail should not be docked.
Grooming of Pomskies
These beautiful pups are high maintenance when it comes to grooming because their coat needs lots of care. Because it sheds a lot of hair, it is not a hypoallergenic dog. Consider this before getting a Pomsky puppy.
Now that this fact is clear, let us talk about the grooming requirements of this crossbreed.
You should brush the coat of your Pomsky every day because it will allow you to remove dead hairs, reduce the amount of hair it sheds, and keep the coat clean and healthy. Do it gently and spend enough time to remove all the loose hairs and impurities.
On average, you will have to bath your Pomsky every 1 to 3 months. It depends on the season, because if it is summer, then you should bath it monthly, where during the winter you can afford to do it every other month. In addition, if your pet spends a lot of time outside, then you should bath it more frequently (every 30-45 days).
Trimming and Clipping
You should invest in quality dog clippers because regular clipping will keep the coat of your dog beautiful and healthy. Otherwise, buy some grooming scissors and use a small blade size such as #5 or #7. Avoid shaving the coat of your pet.
Pomskies inherit the best temperament qualities from both breeds. In the case of Huskies, they obtain their intelligence, self-assured attitude and playful nature. Whereas they obtain the adorable and loving temperament from Pomeranians.
Below we will examine the pros and cons, as well as the ideal owners for this lovely crossbreed.
Fortunately, this crossbreed inherits the best temperament traits from the Husky and the Pomeranian, resulting in a playful, confident, intelligent and loving pet.
Because they exuberate confidence, they are outgoing, social and extroverted. They get along well with other people and dogs.
They also have lots of energy and that is why they love outdoor activities, exercise, and playtime. Nonetheless, consider that this can be a con if you do not bring it enough physical stimulation.
It is very smart and adaptable to training. Therefore, it can learn new tricks fast and accept training from an early age without problems.
Pomskies have a surprising prey drive, which can be counterproductive if you have other small pets at home. Furthermore, they can also run towards squirrels and similar prey when off the leash. Nonetheless, you can fix this by providing your puppy with early training.
They also have a higher risk of suffering separation anxiety, which can lead to destructive behavior. Therefore, you should bring enough attention and affection. You can also use essential oils such as frankincense to fight against this con.
In addition, it is worth mentioning that it has a tendency to be possessive. However, you can fix this trait with proper and early training.
Considering the pros and the cons, the Pomsky is the ideal dog for these types of owners:
- People without allergies
- Families (without or without children)
- People who love the outdoors because it is an excellent companion
- People who are willing to be a full-time dog owner
Because it has high physical and affective demands, it is not ideal for people who live alone in small spaces.
Health Concerns when Breeding Pomskies
As a Pomsky breeder, it is your duty to screen all your dogs before breeding them together. And like any other breed or crossbreed, Pomskies are susceptible to certain health issues. In this section, we are going to review all of them. Even though Pomeranians and Huskies are generally healthy breeds, crossbreeding changes the scheme.
Pomsky dogs have an average lifespan of 13 to 15 years, especially if you provide them with proper nutrition and plenty of physical and mental stimulation. This is because, due to their very active temperament, they require you to challenge them with toys, training, and exercise. Since the breed is very new, this range is mostly interpreted and assumed rather than observed.
This designer dog, the Pomeranian x Husky mix, is prone to developing certain health issues. You should consider this before buying a Pomsky or start breeding them so that you know what to expect and how to prevent these issues.
Hypoglycemia is a condition that drops the normal levels of sugar in the blood, more specifically, when it is less than 3.3 mmol/L or 60 mg/dL. It causes a drop in the levels of energy and it affects several vital processes in the body of your pet, and in consequence, it can even lead to death.
The symptoms include:
- Lethargy and weakness
- Slow reaction to a stimulus
- Loss of coordination
- Muscular spasms
- Sudden collapse
It requires immediate treatment, and usually, the veterinarian will use glucose in the form of supplements or via an intravenous application. Furthermore, you also need to prevent it and it all starts with feeding your dog a proper diet and giving it plenty of exercise but to not overdo it.
Because Pomeranians and Huskies are vulnerable to heart problems, Pomskies experience the same issues. They are prone to the following cardiac diseases and defects:
- Heart disease
- Dilated cardiomyopathy
- Chronic valve disease (CVD)
- Congestive heart failure
Therefore, the best way to prevent these issues is to get your Pomsky checked regularly, at least once per year. This will allow you to detect these problems early so that you can take rapid action.
The symptoms of these heart problems include:
- Lethargy and weakness
- Breathing difficulties
- Swelling in the abdomen
- Frequent couching
Unfortunately, Pomskies are at higher risk of suffering this inherited condition of unknown causes. Therefore, specimens that present this condition should be excluded from breeding. In general terms, it affects 0.75% of all dogs, making it the most common canine neurological disorder.
It presents the following signs:
- Loss of consciousness
- Foaming at the mouth
- Muscle twitching
If you notice these symptoms, then take your dog to the veterinarian immediately for a proper diagnose and to find the underlying causes, because seizures can also be due to brain tumors and kidney disease, for example.
They tend to inherit eye issues because the Siberian Husky is also prone to suffering such diseases and defects. It is a common issue amongst all crossbreeds, including the Labradoodle and even standardized new breeds such as the American Bully.
A Pomsky might present these most common eye issues:
- Corneal dystrophy
- Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
In the case of PRA, it is a genetic disorder and specimens that present it should be excluded from breeding.
The most common symptoms of these eye issues include:
- Watery eyes
- Bluing of the cornea
- Loss of coordination
You should test your puppy as soon as you have it, and of course, request the tests beforehand as well. Nonetheless, you should take your Pomsky for regular checkups every year.
Pomskies are also at risk of suffering from different allergies. Therefore, you should monitor their diet and the environment they spend the most time at, because if you notice allergy outbursts, then it is time to evaluate the elements that might be causing them.
Allergies often present the following symptoms:
- Swelling in the face, earflaps, eyelids and ears
Hip dysplasia is a genetic defect that causes the deformation of the hip socket, which causes abnormal development. Eventually, it can lead to arthritis in the hips. It can range from mild to chronic and depending on the severity, it might require surgery.
To reduce the incidence rate, all specimens that present this orthopedic disease should be excluded from breeding.
It presents the following symptoms:
- Decrease range of motion
- No motivation to exercise
- Narrow stance
- Difficulty for jumping, rising and climbing stairs
- Looseness in the joint
It can be detected when your dog is a puppy, and it is better to follow the treatment from the early phases to avoid further complications.
Both, the Husky and the Pomeranian, are susceptible to developing dental problems. Therefore, the Pomsky is also at a very high risk of suffering such issues.
Therefore, you need to brush the teeth of your pup regularly, and you should take it for regular checkups, to stop problems as soon as they appear.
How To Breed Pomskies
Now that we have covered the most frequent health issues of Pomskies, their history, their temperament, and their appearance standards, it is time to check breeding-specific aspects.
Average Litter Size
On average, a normal litter of Pomskies will yield between 5 to 7 puppies. The best method for this crossing is artificial insemination, and because both the Husky and the Pomeranian have a normal coefficient of inbreeding (COI), they can produce a healthy number of puppies with optimal fertility.
Because it is a designer dog, they tend to inherit health issues from both breeds (Husky and Pomeranian). Therefore, the best way to avoid them is to get the parents tested before artificial insemination. If you are buying a Pomsky puppy, then you should test it for the following health issues:
- Elbow and hip dysplasia
- Heart problems
- Progressive retinal atrophy
The same tests have to be done on the parents, to discard congenital diseases and defects that could affect the puppies.
The average price ranges from $1,000 to $3,000 USD, but these pups can be as expensive as $5,000+ USD. The price will vary depending on the reputation of the breeder, the pedigree of the parents, health testing and the physical standards.
To illustrate this properly, you will find some real-life examples below:
- A medium-sized Pomsky puppy from a reputable breeder with 1-year genetic health guarantee certificate and 1-year health certificate sells for $4,500 USD
- A Pomsky pup that is 75% Husky and 25% Pomeranian, with ideal Husky markings, which is already trained, was bred by a reputable breeder and includes health certificates, sells for $3,500 USD
- A pup sold by a breeder without much background, no mention of health certificates and without clear Husky features, sells for $550 USD
As you can see, the physical qualities, the reputation of the breeder and the health tests have a large influence on the price of the puppy.
During our research to elaborate on this breeding guide, we found the following to be the most common questions. You will find a concise and detailed answer below each one.
Are Pomskies good dogs?
They are good dogs for experienced dog owners, families, people who love the outdoors. They are very affectionate and they love to please their owners. Furthermore, as they are smart and loving, they are easy to train and can learn tons of tricks.
Nonetheless, to avoid potential behavior problems, you need to train them properly from an early age. They tend to become possessive and yappy if you allow them. Correct it from the beginning.
Are Pomskies yappy and short tempered?
If they receive proper training, then you won’t have to deal with a yappy and short-tempered Pomsky. They are very smart and now how to get their way, and that is why you need to train them from an early age to avoid these defective traits, as well as possessiveness.
Are Pomskies vocal?
They are yappy and tend to be very vocal if you do not train them properly from an early age. However, with positive reinforcement and training, you won’t have to deal with a vocal Pomsky, to the contrary, it will be lovely and peaceful.
This issue is mainly due to their elevated intelligence, but you can easily erode this trait if you train them to let them know that it is not acceptable.
Now you know how to breed Pomskies, one of the most popular designer dogs nowadays. As you have seen, they have adorable physical features and excellent temperament, a combination that makes them an ideal dog.