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How To Breed Japanese Spitz

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Published on
Wednesday 30 September 2020
Last updated on
Tuesday 9 May 2023
how to breed japanese spitz
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Are you looking for useful information that tells you how to breed Japanese Spitz? Then, you are in the right place! These “Cloud dogs”, as they are known due to their splendid fluffy white coat, are excellent companions and very sociable and affectionate pets.

This is actually a new dog breed that many people do not know much about. They were developed just 100 years ago and slowly became popular. However, tips about Japanese Spitz breeding are still difficult to find, and as a result, Japanese Spitz puppies are very rare. Therefore, in this guide you will learn everything about breeding Japanese Spitz, so you can have success in having healthy dogs in the future.

Background of Japanese Spitz

So you can learn about the origin of the Japanese Spitz and understand why they have the appearance and temperament they do, we have summarized their background below.

Origin and History

Japanese Spitz originated in Japan. However, the specific way in which they were bred is still kind of a mystery since their records were destroyed in World War II. There are many theories that try to explain how this breed was created. One of these claims that the Japanese Spitz has the Samoyed as its ancestor, which also belongs to the Spitz dog breeding group. And this can be something credible because of their resemblances.

Nevertheless, another explanation is more accurate when trying to explain how they originated which says that this is a crossbreed, resulting from the breeding of German Spitz dogs that were brought over Japan and some other breed of Spitz dog around 1920. It was one year later in 1921 when they were presented at a Tokyo Show. And between 1925 and 1936, with its exportation all over the world and crossed with other breeds, it was created the breed standard for the Japanese Spitz. So, it was in 1948, at the conclusion of World War II, that the Japanese Kennel Club finally recognized the breed.

In the early 1950’s they started to be imported to many other countries such as Sweden and England. Later in 1977, The UK Kennel Club included the breed in their utility club. Sadly, The American Kennel Club has not recognized the Japanese Spitz breed due to its similarities to the American Eskimo Dog. However, in April of 2019, The AKC admitted them to their Foundation Stock Service, which is an optional registration service for breeds that cannot be registered with the main purebred database.

breeding japanese spitz
Japanese Spitz are very affectionate.


Japanese Spitz have become extremely popular in some parts of the world, such as Europe, North America, and Australia. That is why is not a surprise that this adorable dog has won the heart of many celebrities, including Channing Tatum and his wife, Jenna Dewan.

The couple is the owner of Meeka, a 9-year-old Japanese Spitz, which they described as a very spoiled pet that enjoys going to the spa and it is happy being on the couch all day long. They also have been seen walking her and in multiple videos together.

Also, in this era that we have the possibility to share part of our lives posting photos on social media, Lykke, a Japanese Spitz from Norway, has become famous and now has nothing less than 46.6 thousand Instagram followers! Incredible! Lykke is already, a little celebrity in the digital world.


The Japanese Spitz has a one-of-a-kind appearance. You can notice this just by seeing an image of them. So, right here we will give you a detailed description of the Japanese Spitz Breed Standard.


The Japanese Spitz is a small-to-medium dog breed. To be more accurate, let us show you what are their ideal measures. This is the range for a male Japanese Spitz according to:

  • Height: 14-15 inches
  • Weight: 18-19 pounds

While these are the numbers for a female Japanese Spitz:

  • Height: 12-14 inches
  • Weight: 15-17 pounds

Their head is in proportion with their body. It has a slightly rounded skull and a long-pointed muzzle.

  • Eyes: they have really deep and expressive eyes, they are also moderately large, almond in shape, and dark in color
  • Nose: It is small round and black
  • Ears: they are small, triangular, prick and they are set closely together


They have a deep chest and sturdy square-shaped body.

  • Tail: it is long, covered with long fur, and is carried over and lying on its back
  • Neck: they have a mane around it, which gives them an appearance like a lion


Their coat is maybe their most striking trait. So, let’s get into knowing some things about it:

They have a resplendent, thick, double-layer coat. The undercoat, which they shed twice per year, is thick and generous, with an outer coat that is longer. They have short hair at the front of the face, ears, and front of forearms; while they have an abundant long coat from neck to shoulders.

The color of their coat is always pure white and bear in mind since it is one of the things that makes them different from the breeds that are similar to this.


Japanese Spitz are known to be really loyal and devoted to their owners. As well, as cheerful and affectionate pets who love making their families laugh. They have an easy-going personality that makes them perfect for first-time owners. What is more, they enjoy being part of the family, and they are always eager to please. Being the center of attention is something they love and entertaining the people they feel close to, is just another characteristic of them. Nevertheless, be careful, because if you do not dedicate them the same amount of time, they can suffer from separation anxiety.

They are very friendly and sociable, so they get along with other dogs and respond well to children. Fortunately, since they are intelligent dogs, so once you have trained them you can be sure that they will follow your instructions and come when called. They prefer being outdoors cuddling up but at the same time, they are lively and agile so they like spending some time going out for walks. And surprisingly, they do enjoy swimming on occasion and jogging with their owners, they also love catching balls and frisbees.

They are courageous, which makes them excellent watchdogs. They tend to bark if they think a burglar is approaching their house, but they calm down fast if their owner intervenes. Even so, try to give them early socialization so they will not be extremely suspicious toward people they do not know very well. To sum it up, we can say that Japanese Spitz is a companion dog that always show loyalty and affection to the people they are close to. Their mischievous personality will make your days full of joy and since they are excellent watchdogs, you will always feel protected.

temperament of japanese spitz
Japanese Spitz are loyal!

Japanese Spitz vs Pomeranian

The Japanese Spitz and the Pomeranian are known to be cousins since they share many characteristics. Some of these are:

  • They are both companion dogs
  • Both breeds are really affectionate and social
  • They share the same energy levels and exercise needs
  • Both have the same lifespan and almost the same litter size

However, they also have many differences:

  • The Japanese Spitz is from Japan, while the Pomeranian is from Germany and Poland
  • The Pomeranian is a well-known breed, while the Japanese Spitz is still an unfamiliar breed for many
  • The Japanese Spitz is slightly bigger than the Pomeranian
  • The Japanese Spitz tends to be more playful and family-friendly than the Pomeranian

So, even though these two breeds have similar looks, each one has its own charms. It will depend on what a person is looking for in his/her ideal dog.

Health Concerns When Breeding Japanese Spitz

Like any other dog breed, The Japanese Spitz is more prone to having some health issues. So, let’s see which they are.

Patellar Luxation

This is the most common health disease they can suffer from. It is an orthopedic problem that occurs when the kneecap becomes displaced from its original position causing pain and lameness and if it is not treated can lead to osteoarthritis. You can realize that your Japanese Spitz is having a patellar luxation if you notice:

  • They present an intermittent skip in their gait
  • Loss of support on their limb
  • Abnormal sitting posture
  • They run on one back leg or with both back legs together

So, what are the treatments that can fix a luxating patella? There are four grades of luxations, so depends on this, the method that can be used. Some of these are:

  • Administration of supportive nutrients to promote healthy and functional connective tissue, control inflammation, and pain
  • Giving it appropriate exercise sessions
  • However, a patellar luxation usually needs surgery to be fixed

Runny Eyes

Let’s see what are the signs that your dog can present:

  • Eye discharge that can range from a clear, watery consistency to a pus-like discharge
  • Your dog is blinking or rubbing excessively its eyes
  • Its eyes become swollen or cloudy

So, why is this caused by? There are many causes that can go from:

  • Conjunctivitis
  • Infections
  • Dry Eye, which leads to an inflammation within the tear glands, affecting the production and quality of tears
  • Trauma to the eye
  • Eyelid tumors

These are some of the treatments:

  • In cases that are not that serious, it will only need an antibiotic ointment to put into the eye, maybe apply some warm compresses over the eye, or artificial tears if the cause is “Dry Eye”
  • In more serious cases, surgery has to be performed


This condition is a progressively worsening inflammation of the joints caused by the deterioration of cartilage that produces in the dog:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Lameness
  • Reluctance to jump, run, or play
  • Loss of muscle mass over the spine and limbs

There are some factors that can predispose your Japanese Spitz from suffering this disease, such as:

  • Genetics
  • Injuries
  • Obesity
  • Advanced age
  • Being exposed to a large amount of exercise sessions, that given their energy level they cannot withstand
  • Poor nutrition

Unfortunately, there is no cure for this illness, but there are some treatments that can help to lessen the effects of this in their health, such as:

  • Prescription of supplements and medications that control pain, decrease inflammation, and improve quality of life
  • Physiotherapy and acupuncture
  • Weight management by doing some changes in diet

The life expectancy of a Japanese Spitz is about 12-14 years. So, they will have a good healthy life if you take them to the veterinarian from time to time to make sure they are not developing any serious illness.

japanese spitz
Japanese Spitz can live a long healthy life if taken care of.

How to Breed Japanese Spitz

All Japanese Spitz dog breeders or aspiring Japanese Spitz breeders must take note of the following recommendations either if they want to master in Japanese Spitz breeding or just to make their businesses more profitable. Here are some important aspects to keep in mind.

Choosing the Bitch and Stud

There are important things to look for when choosing a bitch and stud for breeding. If you fulfill these requirements, even if one of them has some weaknesses, those could be complemented by the strengths of the other. Things to pay attention when searching for a stud:

  • Investigate about its pedigree. If you see that its ancestors share the traits you are looking for, then that is a plus point
  • Ask to see any certification of health, to corroborate the dog does not suffer from a serious disease
  • It is crucial to take into consideration if its characteristics correspond to the breed standard and if it has any faults

Aspects to seek in the bitch:

  • Ask how many litters the bitch has per year. If there are more than one or three litters a year, then that means that they are not giving enough care and attention to each one and remember that Japanese Spitz need lots of attention. So, that will not be a thing in favor
  • Evaluate their previous litters to see if the bitch has consistently produced high-quality puppies or not
  • Consider its temperament, because it is likely that the puppies will have the same

A final recommendation is visiting personally the kennels and watch them at shows, these will allow you to see the dogs in their best moment, and they will show how skillful and well-trained they are. However, do not forget to see them in their most relaxed moments, too. In that way, you will be able to evaluate their faults as well.

Litter Size

The average litter size of Japanese Spitz goes from 1 to 6 puppies. This is not exactly a big number, and it can be one of the reasons why it is hard to locate Japanese Spitz breeders.

Birthing Issues

Smaller breeds at times have complications having their puppies, and one of these is dystocia. This term refers to any difficulty during the delivery. These are some of the symptoms of dystocia, so be careful when you watch these signals on your dog:

  • Labor takes too long
  • Vomiting
  • Strong contractions for more than an hour without delivering
  • High fever
  • Extreme weakness without delivering any puppy

In most cases, a Cesarean Section (C-section) is performed due to the seriousness of the situation. However, the veterinarian can also try other methods before. For instance:

  • Try to manipulate the puppy if it is in an abnormal position
  • Administrate oxytocin or calcium gluconate with intravenous fluids to stimulate the uterine to start contractions or make them more effective


Having a dog breed business can be kind of expensive since you have to take care of many things. However, if you have many clients or potential customers willing to buy the dogs you breed, you will have no problems. Here we will leave you a list of things you can take into consideration to increase the revenue of your business:

  • Focus on quality, more than in quantity. It is worth more to sell a small number of dogs but providing them with good training and alimentation, and always having their health checked. Because all these factors will be visible on shows, where people tend to evaluate the quality of dogs
  • Keep your dogs healthy. That will help you to build your reputation and will attract people to get one of your dogs. Also, do not let your bitches have too many litters per year since that will not be beneficial to their health
  • Marketing is another strong point to bring clients to your business. Start making posts on social media and introduce your business to pet shops that deal with Japanese Spitz to make some kind of alliance with them
  • Create merchandise using the logo or symbol of your business to promote it

Finally, remember that even if you are dealing with dogs, they still can feel and suffer if you do not take enough care of them and you are looking at them as an easy way to make money.


The price of dogs tends to vary depending on their pedigree, training, and breeder’s reputation. However, in this case, the average price of Japanese Spitz price goes from $1000 to $2000. Even though this can be a really high cost for many, comparing it to other breeds, we can find Japanese Spitz at an actually affordable price.

Bear in mind that paying this amount of money will allow you to have a dog with full registration, in other words, with breeding rights. So, you can expect to pay that if you want to get a quality Japanese Spitz.

japanese spitz are family dogs
Japanese Spitz are great family pets!

Japanese Spitz Breeding – FAQs

So breeders and future owners alike have all the information they need to know about Japanese Spitz, we have composed and answered the most frequently searched questions.

How many puppies can a Japanese Spitz have?

Japanese Spitz can have an average litter size of 1 to 6 puppies. Remember that it is crucial to start training them as soon as possible, so they will not develop Small Dog Syndrome which causes them to have bad behaviors if you allow them just because they are small.

Also, giving them early socialization is important to introduce them to different people, dogs, and environments. So in the future they can be friendly dogs.

Are Japanese Spitz good family dogs?

Japanese Spitz are wonderful family dogs. This is one of its main characteristics, since they are ideal companion dogs. Actually, they are perfect for people of all generations, from small kids to older people.

They want to protect their families and are good watchdogs. You are always going to feel that there is something taking care of your home. So, you have to dedicate them the same amount of time and attention, because they love being the attractiveness of the family.

They are also, very devoted and loyal to their owners, and love having interactions with them while playing games or just cuddling on the coach due to its mischievous and playful nature.

How much does a Japanese Spitz puppy sell for?

As stated before, a Japanese Spitz has an average price of $1000. However, we will provide you with a longer list of prices that vary according to what Japanese Spitz breeders are willing to offer you:

  • You can find a dog for a lower price that goes from $800 to $1200 if you just want to get a companion dog, what it means that these puppies are not allowed to breed since they are sterilized since birth
  • However, if you are looking to get a Japanese Spitz from a well-known breeder, that will cost you much more and you must expect to pay around $2500 to $6500 for one
  • There is also one more option and it is if you want to get a Japanese Spitz directly from Japan to make sure of their quality, then that will cost you around $2000 and $4000

So, as you have seen, there are a great many options to choose from, and depending on the amount of money you want to invest to get a Japanese Spitz, it will depend also on their quality.

How long is a Japanese Spitz pregnant?

The pregnancy of a Japanese Spitz will last between 60 and 64 days. Usually, they go into heat twice a year and they will be in heat for approximately 3 weeks. Some of the signs of pregnancy are:

  • Decreased appetite
  • Vomiting in the early stages
  • They may seem tired and low on energy

This wonderful breed can be a great addition to your family or help to create a rewarding business.

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