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Separation Anxiety in Dogs and Puppies

↯ Key takeaway points

  • Separation anxiety in puppies is caused by stress and can lead to destructive behaviors when left alone
  • Signs of separation anxiety include excessive vocalization, destructive behavior, drooling, extreme attachment, loss of appetite, and inappropriate behavior
  • To prevent separation anxiety, gradually increase the amount of time the puppy spends alone, use positive reinforcement and reward-based training, provide a safe crate, ensure obedience training, provide enough exercise, and consider medication or natural supplements if necessary
  • When leaving or returning, maintain a calm demeanor and reassure the puppy
  • With patience, consistency, and proper training, separation anxiety can be overcome
Breeding Business is passionate about all sorts of domesticated pets. They have written dozens of articles across the web.
Zoo and wildlife doctor in veterinary medicine passionate about animal welfare and preventive medicine.
Published on
Monday 7 August 2017
Last updated on
Monday 17 July 2023
Separation Anxiety in Dogs and Puppies
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The feeling of separation anxiety in dogs is similar to the fear kids and teenagers experience when they are left alone. Puppies also become extremely attached to their owners and mothers, so when they are separated, they feel like their sense of security is taken away.

Separation anxiety in puppies is a result of genuine stress, which can lead to more troublesome behavior when they are left alone. If your puppy is experiencing this condition, it’s not uncommon to find a few scratches on the floor or a shredded pair of socks every now and then.

To prevent separation anxiety in a puppy, it’s important to recognize the signs as early as possible and teach your puppy some fun activities to do when they are alone. By gradually eliminating boredom and building their confidence, you can help alleviate separation anxiety.

If your puppy is showing signs of separation anxiety, this article will discuss those signs and provide tips to help you address the issue.

What are the signs of separation anxiety?

Helping a puppy that has this condition requires that, as a responsible dog owner, you are able to know when the signs start to show. It is only then that you can begin the process of helping your cute puppy sort out its nightmares of being left alone.

Some of the indications you should look out for are:

  • Being too vocal: After you leave the puppy alone, it starts to howl and bark frantically for hours. This can also occur sometimes before you come back to the house or even for the whole period when you are away.
  • Destructive behaviors: In attempts to follow you after you have left, the puppy tries, by all means, to get out of the house. You will find chewing, scratches and even clawing on escape routes such as windows and doors.
  • Drooling: An anxious separation puppy will show signs of excessive drooling. When you come back home and find wetness spots on the floor and all over the puppy, then you know something is up.
  • Extreme attachment: The puppy will become too clingy to the owner after being separated from the rest of the litter. He then follows you around the house at all times. Attempts to be left alone makes him upset. When you come back, the greetings and activities will be over frantic.
  • Loss of appetite when you are gone: You will find the meal you left her untouched. She would then only start eating when you are around. A bored puppy would otherwise eat out of your presence.
  • Inappropriate behavior: An anxious puppy would accidentally urinate and defecate in the house. It would also be common to find the house soiled.

A point to note though, not all the puppies portraying these signs will be having separation anxiety, just the same way as not all pups with separation anxiety will portray these signs. You will have to gauge your dog’s reaction(s) and assess whether or not they are caused by separation anxiety, or perhaps for other reasons (lack of exercise is often a good candidate.)

signs of separation anxiety in dogs and puppies (infographic)
Signs of separation anxiety in puppies and dogs! (Infographic)

Top 6 Tips to Prevent Separation Anxiety in Puppies

Discussed below are some of the essential things you can do when you have a new puppy or when you have separated one from the rest of the litter, so that she feels comfy and relaxed when left home alone.

Do not have the pup around you all the time

Ensure that during the first few weeks, you do not hold the puppy, have her in your bed or have her around you at all times. This should not be an excuse to neglect her either. Create some time to play and hold her. The key issue is that the play time should not be at all times. When the pup follows you around, just play it cool and ignore her.

It is also advisable to maintain low key departures and arrivals because, for the puppies, the manner in which you leave their presence is key. Do not be dramatic when you leave and come back. The less sure the pup is whether you have left or are back, the more relaxed she will be. Your body language should also give an assurance that everything will be alright when you are gone.

Use the “nothing is for free rule”

During play time with your puppy, provide her with some treats, and then make an exit. Stay away for a few minutes then come back. In this way, she will know that your departures come with pleasure. As time goes by, prolong the duration of being away. The pup will begin to feel comfortable alone.

In as far as the nothing for free rule is concerned, the puppy should learn that she must work to get certain things. She should sit before being fed; she should also learn that her play time, as well as petting, should be earned.

Provide a safe crate and place it on the crate

When you plan on leaving the pup in the crate during the day when you leave the house, then it is essential that you make him feel secure. For a start, let the pup spend some time in his crate for short intervals during the day until a routine is developed. When putting her in the crate, make sure you do it very safely.

Putting her safely in the crate when you leave or during bedtime only makes her associate the crate with confinement and starts to resent it. If using the crate at night, it should be placed near you as much as possible. When the puppy starts feeling uncomfortable in the crate, then your voice alone should soothe her.

Feel free to use a thundershirt or anxiety dog vest in order to reassure and soothe your dog while you are away. We have also reviewed weighted vests for dogs!

Obedience training

If you train your puppy to be obedient and disciplined then this will surely be a cure for separation anxiety in a puppy. The puppy then grows knowing that which is expected of her. It realizes when a bad habit is not tolerated anymore and stops it without you intervening.

The training should happen in different parts and for varying amounts of time. Being courteous to guests is another virtue you should instill in your puppy so that she does not feel awkward when you have friends over. Use delicious puppy training treats to motivate your dog!

Enough Exercise

Provide adequate exercise for your puppy, ensuring that her limits are not exceeded. This is particularly necessary for large breed puppies. They have lots of energy to burn. After the puppy gets tired, she is more likely to settle when you leave.

Mental exercising will be just as essential as the physical ones. Play games that improve her self-control, patience, and focus. These are essential when she is left alone. Providing some playing toys for the puppy when leaving her in the crate alone can also do wonders. The more fun she haves in it, the more she becomes used to being in the crate. She would think that is where the fun is.

For example, some owners do a quick dog treadmill session in the morning so the dog is drained for the rest of the day. Too drained to be anxious.


Training and disciplining your puppy may fail to prevent the puppy from developing separation anxiety. Some vets recommend certain medications to help your puppy calm herself down from panic attacks and anxiety disorders.

These medications should be only prescribed by a vet and not bought over the counter. You should be very diligent when using them on your young pup too.
You can also choose to use natural supplements to aid your struggling puppy. These work to induce calmness and relaxation to the puppy.


First, watch the below video to see how to prevent and treat separation anxiety in dogs and puppies of all ages. It’s a very well-made video worth watching (12-minute long, though!)

Separation anxiety can be prevented and overcome in any puppy. The process takes different durations for different puppies but it is possible. With patience, time, and consistency your puppy will soon be able to master its fears and anxieties.

These tips can help you achieve the desired results within a short period. A puppy would ordinarily view you as the leader, so be one and dictate what is to be done. But do not be too strict. This worsens the situation. Allow for some time to play and bond with you. The key issue is that the puppy should not be allowed to spend all of her time with you.

I hope this article will aid you in bringing to a halt all the howling and growling your puppy does as soon as you leave her alone.

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