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Are Official Breed Standards Biblical Verses?

Breeding Business is passionate about all sorts of domesticated pets. They have written dozens of articles across the web.
Published on
Saturday 12 November 2016
Last updated on
Tuesday 9 May 2023
Are Official Breed Standards Biblical Verses?
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A few months ago, I published an article about why many dog breeders are drifting away from the official breed standards. This trend is solidly growing especially amongst newcomers in the dog breeding world.

Few hours after the publication, I received a bunch a hate mail in my inbox, along with a few insults on social media. To these people, I was insulting pedigrees. Read again guys, I am clearly not.

What Are Breed Standards, After All?

All this agitation made me wonder and question what breed standards are. In today’s era, have official breed standards become biblical verses?

To many, they represent the absolute, unchangeable, evergreen description of a given dog breed. Apparently, breeds are not allowed to be in motion over several decades, they are not allowed to improve (of even regress.)


Originally, breed standards were initiated as a set of guidelines. These could be used to ensure that litters produced by a dog breeder conformed to the specifics of the standardized breed. Basically, it was describing what makes a German Shepherd a German Shepherds, and not a Pomeranian.

Breed standards are arbitrary designed by the ruling authorities such as the American & British Kennel Clubs, Federation Cynologique International, etc. Judges, breeders and fanciers are asked to follow these guidelines in order to be part of the pool of pedigree specimens.

No standard has actual (and serious) scientific studies to back up their choices. Each characteristic is purely arbitrary and chose by a few people who happen to be the decision makers.

Once you’ve got a standard, you’ve got a dog breed. One that is clearly defined so breeders can go ahead and keep on breeding following these guidelines. These are meant to force selective breeding in order to improve the breed. At least, this is the ideal ambition here.

Owning myself a pedigree Border Collie, I am definitely not against these standards. However, I am questioning their unchangeability and inalterability.

  • Should the standard prevent the breed from short-lived hypes? I firmly believe so.
  • Should the standard adapt (and its followers, too) when there is a clear direction or change within the breed? I believe it should.
German Shepherds WKC dog show
Judges in dog shows are amongst the most anti-change for their dog breeds. (credits: Flickr/isia_tracz under CC2.0-SA)

Why Many Are Fiercely Against Any Sort Of Change

There are so many reasons why a few breeders, judges and fanciers battle day and night to keep their breed standard as it currently is. They have their own logic behind their reasoning and some of their points are very valid, to be fair.

They Love What They’ve Always Known — If you’re a senior and you’ve spend decades with a particular breed, chances are you do not want to see it evolve. Phenotype, temperament, purposes, etc. All these can affect the long time lovers of a given breed. These people surely know the breed AS IT USED TO BE a lot better than all of us but perhaps the people who are going to spend the next decades with the breed should also have a say.

They Don’t Want Their Dogs To Devalue — If Pomeranians are lately becoming smaller and smaller, breeders who keep on breeding the same old Pomeranians of a bigger size are losing grip with what new owners want. Not necessarily because of financial motives, they simply don’t want their dogs less wanted. You may have your dogs do well in local dog shows but when it comes to sell them to regular homes, you may face a big void.

They Don’t Want Trends To Command — Many breeders are not drastically against any change within the breed and are happy to adapt. However, they are aware of the current social-first dominant philosophy where people want a dog today that they won’t even find cute two years down the line. Because of a trend, hundreds of breeders can change the entire direction of a given breed, and once the hype dies down, end up with sheltered dog and a dying breed with no cohesion anymore.

They Don’t Know Where It Will Stop — It’s like in a relationship, you can do compromises but you don’t want the other part to try and take advantage and constantly push the cursor a bit further. Wanting a dog breed to tend towards a different size, or towards the acceptance of other colors is conceivable for many breeders but what is too much? There will always be people asking for smaller, bigger, more colours, more muscle, more this and less that. Where do we drag the cursor and say “stop for now”?

I am sure there are many other reasons and feel free to write them in the comments section below.

dog breed standards
If you are a dog breeder or dog fancier, what is your answer? Please comment below!

To Conclude, Are Breed Standards Biblical?


Clearly to some.

The people who value the standards as they are right now and want them frozen are the people who actually matter in the dog circles: judges, kennel clubs, dog show organisations, clubs, etc. They surely never want their official breeds to be changed or even banned.

If you dare saying publicly that you would love your favourite breed to keep on following a path that would eventually ask for the standard to be altered, you are going to be described as a puppy mill breeder, hype follower and uneducated average Joe.

In dogs like in any field, change is difficult. But eventually, what has to happen will happen regardless of a handful or dozens of narrow-minded decision makers.

2 comments on “Are Official Breed Standards Biblical Verses?”

  1. Evelina Dolters

    Dog breeds should change especially when the standard is not clear enough and clearly being misinterpreted. It’s causing the destruction of a lot of breeds currently.

    Now, how to differentiate a scientifically health-based decision to change a breed standard versus a fad, or hype? Nobody will agree when casting their vote.

  2. Anonymous135

    Maintaining the health and distinct qualities of a breed is a noble undertaking. However, breed standards do not always support this goal. A prime example is docking, cropping and claw removal. These are not the result of expert breeding but a blatant statement by the AKC that they know better than God and evolution. These practices are also detrimental to the very breeders that they claim to support. These practices unnecessarily increase a breeder’s costs and, more importantly, put their dogs at risk of irreparable damage or death. I am anonymous because the AKC has so much power that they can affect who wins or loses their shows, and who is even permitted to compete. We must band together to fight these cruel standards that present both risks and unnecessary expenses to breeders.

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