Every pet parent has been in the predicament of cleaning up their pup’s vomit. While it may be an unpleasant topic to cover, knowing why dogs vomit foam is important not only for your own peace of mind but for your dog’s health too. So, what causes foamy dog vomit, generally with a yellow or white foamy liquid texture?
Foamy dog vomit may be the result of indigestion after eating too quickly. Or, it can indicate a more serious problem, such as kennel cough, a gastrointestinal blockage, or bloat. Being able to distinguish between normal vomiting and an emergency is important for this reason. Ready to find out more? Read on with us!
Why Do Dogs Vomit Foam
Foamy vomit may develop if your dog has excess gas in their stomach. This can occur if your dog has eaten grass or licked something with a foul taste. However, foamy vomit can also suggest a more serious underlying problem with your pooch. These include acid reflux, pancreatitis, gastrointestinal obstruction, toxin exposure, and bloat. Kennel cough and other respiratory issues can also cause foamy vomit. This is because your dog may swallow mucus and fluid secreted due to their illness.
However, if your dog is otherwise healthy and they only vomit occasionally, it’s likely that the cause is regular indigestion. If your dog regularly vomits foam or shows signs of illness, always ask your vet for advice. Because there are so many causes of vomiting foam, it is important that your vet diagnoses your pet’s condition quickly to provide the correct treatment for them. Be on the lookout for symptoms like lethargy, coughing, stomach pain, and diarrhea that may accompany your pet’s episodes.
What Are The Different Types Of Vomit
Just like in humans, the color and appearance of your dog’s vomit can change depending on its cause. While some forms of vomit are a cause for concern, others may have a simple root cause. No matter the color or appearance, always make sure to inspect your dog’s vomit for any worrying contents. White, foamy vomit can suggest a build-up of stomach acid and gas. Its foamy appearance may be the result of it coming into contact with the air, or being moved around in the stomach before the vomiting happens. Foamy vomit is often caused by acid reflux, pancreatitis, toxin exposure, bloat, and gastrointestinal obstruction. Make sure to monitor your pup if they regularly expel foamy vomit, and contact your vet with your concerns.
Clear vomit’s cause is often simple – drinking whilst nauseous. This might mean that your dog was unable to keep their drinking water down. Similarly, brown vomit may be the result of regurgitated food. This can indicate that your dog ate too quickly without chewing their food, or swallowed too much air when gulping it down! Although brown vomit may just look like regurgitated kibble, there may be more to it. Be sure to inspect its contents to try to determine what happened.
Yellow vomit is often seen when your dog has an empty stomach. This is because, instead of vomiting food, your dog is vomiting bile secretions. This can be caused by acid reflux or any condition that causes nausea on an empty stomach! If your dog regularly vomits bile, check in with your vet as soon as possible. Bloody vomit must always be taken seriously. If there are blood clots, a coffee-ground appearance, or fresh blood in your dog’s vomit, it indicates bleeding in the upper intestine or bleeding into the stomach. This bleeding can be the result of poisoning, a tumor, or a stomach ulcer. All of these conditions require treatment by your vet.
How Can I Prevent My Dog From Vomiting Foam
Many dogs vomit when they eat too quickly. If this sounds like your pup, your first call to action is to slow them down as they eat! Strategies for slowing your dog include putting their food in a muffin tray or using a commercially available slow feeder bowl. And, for easier digestion, you can raise your dog’s food bowl off of the floor. Place it on a low wall or chair so that their bowl is above shoulder height. For dogs with megaesophagus, a special chair is used to help them pass food to their stomach. Lastly, you must keep your dog from eating waste and old food. Dietary indiscretion can cause stomach upsets, vomiting, and diarrhea. Gastric upsets can easily cause foamy vomit in dogs.
If your dog vomits too much, you can obtain some anti-vomiting medication for dogs but we recommend calling a vet first to ensure proper oversight over any course of medication giving to your dog.
Dogs Vomiting Foam: FAQ
Have any more questions or concerns about why dogs vomit foam? Feel free to check with our Frequently Asked Questions section for more details. If in doubt about your dog’s vomit, always contact your vet for advice.
Several foods cause vomiting in dogs due to their toxicity. Some foods are toxic to dogs, such as chocolate, onions, grapes, and macadamia nuts. Even small amounts of these foods will often cause vomiting in dogs, alongside other worrying symptoms. Caffeine toxicity is another cause of vomiting in dogs. If your dog has consumed caffeine, always get your pup to the vet right away for prompt treatment! Lastly, eating grass can also cause vomiting in dogs, though it is not toxic. However, it does not always cause vomiting and is not always a cause for concern.
If your dog vomits foam just once, just be sure to gradually re-introduce water and plain food so as to not stress your dog’s stomach too soon. However, if your dog regularly vomits foam, or can’t stop vomiting, ask your vet for advice. Regularly vomiting foam can indicate an underlying health problem. Be sure to be on the lookout for other symptoms that come with your dog’s vomiting episodes.
If your dog vomits foam once or twice, there is no need for immediate concern and your pet can stay at home. However, if your dog vomits foam more than twice in a 24-hour period, or it happens over several days, consult with your vet right away. It’s also important to look for any other symptoms that come with your dog’s bouts of vomiting. Do they seem to be in pain? Does a certain food seem to trigger it? This information can help your vet to make a prompt diagnosis.
You can help your dog after they vomit by gradually re-introducing plain food. Your vet might recommend boiled chicken and rice, as these foods are unlikely to upset your dog’s stomach. White fish and boiled sweet potato is another option for dogs with an upset stomach. These foods contain several vitamins and can help to solidify stool. Low-fat cottage cheese is one more option, but it must be given sparingly. While it is easy to digest, it’s also high in protein and unsuitable for dogs with severe lactose intolerance.
Foamy vomit is not a common symptom of canine parvovirus. Rather, parvovirus vomit may be clear, yellow, brown, or bloody. Your dog’s vomiting will be severe if they have parvovirus, whereas foamy vomit because of indigestion will only happen once or twice. Parvovirus also comes with a range of other worrying symptoms. These include lethargy, loss of appetite, fever, diarrhea, and collapse.
If foamy vomit occurs once or twice, it’s usually not a cause for concern. However, regularly vomiting foam can signal an underlying health condition. Such conditions include acid reflux, pancreatitis, gastrointestinal obstruction, toxin exposure, and bloat.