When it comes to selecting a dog breed, one of the most important considerations is health. You want to be sure that you will have happy dog breeds without health problems as your companion for years to come. Nonetheless, It’s hard to know which breeds are the healthiest because so many different factors can affect your dog’s health.
This article will go through the top 20 dog breeds without health problems. We’ll discuss why and what makes these dogs healthy and give you an idea of what makes them so special. More so, we’ll discuss dog breeds that do not get sick.
What Is a Healthy Dog?
There are some signs that a healthy dog is easy to spot, but there may be conditions that are harder to find. With that, it’s important to look at the signs of a healthy dog:
- The skin is smooth and supple, with no scabs, growths, or rashes.
- The coat is shiny, free of dandruff and bald patches, and free of parasites.
- The eyes are clear, moist, and free of discharge.
- Inside ears should be light pink (though dark-skinned dogs may have black pigment), clean or with only a hint of wax, not bloated, and clear discharge.
- The nose should be moist – not necessarily wet, but not dry or cracked.
- The temperature should be between 100 and 102.5 degrees (101.5 is the average).
- Gums are usually pink, although they can also be black or gray.
- Stools should be solid and devoid of parasites.
20 Dog Breeds With “Less” Health Problems
Here are the 20 dog breeds with fewer health concerns than others. Find out about their life span, traits, and the secret to what makes them live longer.
1. Australian Cattle Dog
The Australian Cattle Dog reigns supreme in longevity, with an average lifespan of 12–16 years. In fact, the oldest living dog ever documented, according to the Guinness Book of World Records, is “Bluey,” an Australian cow dog who survived to the age of 29. These active dogs are also medium-sized and make a good fit for many homes.
Their main characteristic is that they maintain a pretty healthy lifestyle by being continuously active. Trepp stated that if they are to be adopted into a household with children, they must be well trained and given enough exercise.
This breed may be an excellent jogging or trekking companion for athletic folks. Their busy lifestyle might lead to joint or ligament problems as a result of wear and strain. Nonetheless, these issues are frequently treatable with rest and medicine.
2. Australian Shepherd
Because of their boundless activity, the Australian Shepherd is a wonderful choice for a breed with fewer health issues when it comes to medium-sized dogs. Aussies make lively companions even as they mature if you’re an active, experienced dog owner.
Australian Shepherds can adapt to any environment as long as they get at least a few hours of strenuous activity every day. He enjoyed being outside and was raised to work with people. He likes to run, hike, take long walks, or even swim.
They also thrive on working alongside farmers. Their busy lifestyle provides long and happy life, ranging from 12 to 15 years. If your Australian Shepherd is a family pet, he should still be out playing, running, and working regularly.
This breed’s finest description is “little yet powerful.” Beagle is a fairly active, medium-sized dog with an average lifetime of 10 to 15 years. It is known for its strong sense of scent and smart hunting skills. In general, Beagles have long and healthy lives.
As long as Beagles get regular exercise, they can thrive in various situations, from New York apartments to large rural farms. While they like and require training, they are also very affectionate dogs that take many naps throughout the day. Minor health issues linked with the breed, including eye and hip disorders, are only common for older dogs.
Chihuahuas, the world’s smallest dog, is also one of the healthiest dog breeds. These little pups, which typically weigh approximately six pounds, are full of activity. Chihuahuas, despite their tiny size, show a lot of personality and intellect.
It is not uncommon for these little canines to survive for more than 20 years. Chihuahuas are typically healthy for most of their lives. Despite their little legs, they have a remarkable amount of energy to burn. Small dogs like Chihuahuas are less prone to suffer from problems common in large dogs, such as bloat or hip dysplasia.
They are lovable dogs who, when properly cared for, are typically healthy and happy.
Greyhounds are the dog equivalent of cheetahs. Thanks to their exceptional musculoskeletal condition and athleticism, this breed is considered one of the fastest dog breeds globally. They can reach top speeds of more than 45 miles per hour.
Except for the specific diseases in all giant breed dogs, these huge puppies are normally disease-free. Hereditary health issues are rare in this breed. These canines live for an average of 10 to 13 years. They are, however, prone to bloat and stomach twisting, as are other dogs with deep chests, especially if they eat too rapidly.
Poodles are not only clever, but they are also incredibly athletic for they were bred as hunting and duck dogs. They have longer and healthier lives than many other breeds, with an average lifetime of 10 to 18 years.
Poodles may be quite energetic and like being physically challenged by their owner. They may develop joint and eye problems as they age, but they may live a long life with the correct diet and activity.
7. German Shorthaired Pointer
German Shorthaired Pointers are high-energy dogs that are often utilized in hunting. With such short fur that they rarely shed, this breed is an excellent inside dog, although they require many activities. Because this is a sports dog breed, they need a lot of rigorous exercise.
Their busy lifestyle is what keeps them youthful and in good shape. If you give German Shorthaired Pointers the mental and physical challenges they want, they can live for up to 14 years—these canines like running and can do it for extended periods.
Havanese dogs have small yet strong bodies that are adaptive to their surroundings, allowing them to live a long life. They prefer warmer temperatures because they originated in Havana, Cuba. Nonetheless, all dogs want a respite from the heat from time to time, so providing lots of shade, fresh air, and easy access to water to remain hydrated is vital for any breed.
Because these active pups are tiny breed dogs, liver and renal problems are very rare to happen. Although these dogs are typically healthy, some are susceptible to genetic deafness.
9. Siberian Husky
Don’t be fooled by a Siberian Husky’s elegant stance. These dog breeds are known as one the greatest dog breeds because of their beauty and health. These wolf-like canines have a lifespan of up to 14 years. Because of their athletic body build, you can tell they are highly powerful and clever just by looking at them.
Because of their thick double coat, Siberian Huskies can live in severe circumstances without a problem. They are ideal for trekking, walking, and running companions. These are the reasons for their excellent health in normal living conditions.
Although they are susceptible to ophthalmological disorders, the likelihood of developing these illnesses is minimal.
Look no farther than the Basenji for a pup with few health concerns who will be perfect for playing with the kids. These dogs have an average lifetime of 13 to 14 years and seldom suffer major health problems.
According to the Basenji Club of America, Basenjis can develop Fanconi syndrome, a kidney, and urinary tract ailment. Nonetheless, reputable breeders frequently check for this illness using Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) approved tests.
Another distinguishing feature of this breed is that it does not bark. In fact, instead of barking, they emit a yodeling sound and groom themselves like cats.
11. Border Collie
Border Collies are extremely clever, athletic, and motivated dogs. They are willing to learn most activities, especially those that take a lot of mental and physical energy.
These dogs are tough and healthy in general, with a lifetime ranging from 12 to 15 years. Extreme conditions do not pose a hazard to them because they can withstand both cold and hot temperatures. Though some are prone to deafness and epilepsy, they will be with you for a very long period if they are adequately cared for.
12. Labrador Retriever
The Labrador family has grown in popularity as a family and kid-friendly dog breed that is active and athletic.
To truly develop, they require regular vigorous activity, new challenges, and mental stimulation. Long walks, particularly on woodland trails or field roads, help them burn energy while also developing their muscles. It can help them live longer lives and avoid obesity-related complications.
13. German Pinscher
German Pinschers are active and intelligent. They are also incredibly healthy. These dogs require regular physical and mental stimulation. They have a lifespan of 12 to 14 years.
For their muscular physique, they are described as an exquisite breed. Because they are sporty and energetic, they are always ready for any adventure. The majority of German Pinschers are tasks. Making sure they have something to do will keep them as happy and healthy as possible.
14. Alaskan Malamute
Malamutes were meant to be working dogs, and they need to be active daily to keep their brains and bodies engaged. They are kin to Siberian Huskies and share their strength and health. The Alaskan Malamute has a 10- to 12-year life expectancy.
Malamutes thrive in high-energy surroundings and enthusiastically participate in hikes, jogs, walks, swims, and other activities. They require daily, if not twice daily, exercise. When allowed to run in the snow, these dogs will reveal their true selves, so expect a lively and enthusiastic dog when facing their home climate.
Malamutes, like all breeds, can be prone to specific genetic problems if improperly bred. Diet and exercise are essential for keeping the breed healthy and living a long life, so don’t overfeed. Also, make sure to find a trustworthy breeder who can provide documentation of genetic testing because they are susceptible to hereditary diseases.
15. English Springer Spaniel
The English Springer Spaniel has a sweet face and is a people-pleaser. They are a reasonably healthy breed, rarely suffering from major health concerns. The majority of English Springer Spaniels enjoy pretty healthy lives and can be anticipated to live for 12 to 14 years.
For the most part, these spaniels are strong and muscular. The only common health concern is their floppy ears can also be prone to infection. You can avoid infection just by cleaning and inspecting their ears regularly.
16. Cardigan Welsh Corgi
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is the Pembroke Welsh Corgi’s tail cousin. It has a long life expectancy of 12 to 15 years.
Being a herding dog requires frequent exercise. He likes running and chasing to satisfy his instincts to herd cattle. Many of these dogs like fetching, but they should be taught to utilize their bodies in other ways. Fetch is a high-impact activity that can cause joint and soft tissue injury.
Azawakhs are calm dogs who rarely bark. They dislike cats and do not get along with boisterous children, but they love their owners. Azawakh are healthy breeds with a life expectancy of around 11 years.
In their native West Africa, these dog breeds are also known for their speed, essential for hunting fast-moving animals such as rabbits and gazelles.
18. Belgian Malinois
Belgian Malinoises are security dogs and high-energy working dogs that might be challenging for the average dog owner. Nonetheless, they are one of the healthiest dog breeds due to their endurance and athleticism. They are extremely clever and can be taught various tricks and how to accomplish a variety of jobs.
The military-like this breed is because of its perky ears and black face, and it teaches them to jump. They are usually free of renal and liver illness and very rarely have cardiac problems or luxating patellas. They are energetic canines that can live to be 14 years old.
19. Bichon Frise
Are you looking for a healthy dog breed that looks like a stuffed toy? Bichon Frise is perfect for you! These dogs are not ‘barkers,’ and they like to be close to their person. These adorable creature dogs live for around 13 years.
The Bichon is a highly active and curious breed. They like playing, therefore plenty of daily exercise and activities are required. At the same time, modest activity is sufficient to maintain these dogs in good health. Surprisingly, these hypoallergenic dogs can develop allergies. Working with a good breeder can assist in solving this health issue.
20. Ibizan Hound
Because they have been around for nearly 3,000 years, there must be some excellent genes in this breed. Ibizan Hounds get along well with children and are wonderful family pets. Ibizan Hounds may live for up to 12 years.
Hounds are famous escape artists! As a racing breed, they enjoy running about and jumping, which is why you’ll need to keep them in a secure cage where they won’t be able to escape. These dogs fare well in hot weather but not so well in cold weather.
Healthiest Dog Breeds: FAQ
Feel free to check out our Frequently Asked Questions section for more information.
Giving dogs natural food nutrition free of artificial additives, preservatives, and chemicals promotes better health and wellness. It also lowers obesity and the incidence of illnesses such as diabetes, and it enables longer lifespans.
According to Purdue University Study study, merely replacing 25% of your dog’s food with actual food, such as high-quality freeze-dried kibble or leafy greens, can reduce cancer risk by up to 90%.
A comparable study by Belgian experts, titled “ Relation Between the Domestic Dogs: Well-Being and Life Expectancy, A Statistical Essay,” discovered that dogs fed a high-quality, homemade diet rather than commercial pet food lived 32 months longer.
So, this is how 25 percent whole food nutrition substitution works:
-75 percent kibble + 25 percent free-dried
-75 % Kibble + 25 % Home-Cooked Food* + Side By Side Freeze Patties that have been dried
-75 % Kibble + 25 % Home-Cooked Food* (spinach, carrot, chicken breast, salmon)
According to the findings in research conducted by Dr. Hoffman and Austad, gender has no significant influence on the lifespan of a dog though males live slightly longer. The majority of the variations in canine longevity appear to be the result of spaying and neutering.
Additionally, Austad and Hoffman stated that spayed and neutered pets live longer, healthier, and happier lives because they have fewer behavioral difficulties. Dogs are vulnerable to infections, degenerative illnesses, and traumatic/violence, which causes the majority of their deaths.
Exercise is essential for extending your dog’s life, and as a bonus, it will help you live longer as well! It has been demonstrated in both people and dogs to relieve stress, increase endorphins, and regulate mood and emotions.
Regular physical activity can keep your dog happy in addition to helping her maintain a healthy weight and muscle mass and supporting her cardiovascular system in the condition.
If you want to extend their life, consider extending those nighttime walks and maybe even increasing the pace to a jog. Allow your dog to play off-leash with a canine buddy since socializing while exercising with other dogs is another method to minimize stress and enhance her overall quality of life.
Your dog should visit a veterinarian at least once a year and more frequently as they age or if they have special medical needs. These frequent checkups play a significant role in the ‘prevention is better than cure approach. So don’t put off scheduling a consultation simply because your dog appears fit and healthy to you.
Another advantage of these yearly check-ups is that they train your dog to attend the vet’s office when they are healthy. If not, they may develop a fear of going to the vet, connecting their visits with unpleasant times or stressful situations.
The most common dog diseases are very easy to detect and cure. Although most of these illnesses are not life-threatening, if they go unnoticed and untreated, some of them may represent a serious health risk to your dog.
1. Dental Disease
Oral infections are the most frequent dog illness, and they usually appear in dogs over the age of three. Tartar and gingivitis are two of the top common oral health issues. In contrast, more serious periodontal disorders, such as abscesses, are more common in older dogs’ final stages of life.
2. Ear Infections
Dog breeds with large, pendulous ears are prone to ear infections. If you see your dog regularly touching or scratching his ears and tossing his head, he may have an ear infection.
3. Skin infections
Every dog scratches regularly, but if you see your dog scratching incessantly, it might be a symptom of something wrong. The most frequent cause of itchy skin in dogs is a food allergy. Corn, wheat, and soy are the most common dietary allergies present in many dog diets.
Consider that the life expectancy of these dog breeds tells a lot about why they are considered as healthiest dog breeds. Still, bear in mind that the amount of attention and care you will provide your dog is an important component. It can help it stay healthy and survive for many more years than estimated.